PSY105 Week 9 Assignment, Mental Disorders and Treatment Introduction to Psychology 105 4 pages with 487 words.
The mental disorder and treatment of alcoholism can be difficult because in many cases alcoholism is a co-occurring disorder, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association [redact](JAMA, 1990), approximately 50 percent of individuals diagnosed with severe mental illness are affected by substance abuse. About 37 percent[/redact] of individuals with alcoholism and 53 percent of individuals with drug addictions have at least one serious mental illness. [redact](NAMI, 2010) It is sometimes hard to know which came first the mental illness or the alcoholism because self-medication though alcohol[/redact] may sharply increase symptoms of mental illness or trigger new symptoms and also interact [redact]with medications such as antidepressants, anti-anxiety pills, and mood stabilizers, making them less effective. (NAMI, 2001)[/redact] The treatment system for alcoholism and the mental health care system have [redact]had difficulty helping people manage both problems at the same time. (NAMI, 2010) Treatment for alcoholism begins with detoxification which in many[/redact] cases can be done on an outpatient basis but sometimes a short-term residential[redact] or in-patient hospitalization is necessary.In this initial stage of some form of support is critical, such as a 12-Step program and through this[/redact] group support it really is not important for the individual to understand the deep unconscious [redact]reasons why they drink, all that matters is that they don’t drink. (Richmond, 2011) After the person has become established in their recovery,[/redact] then they can start psychodynamic psychotherapy [redact]to get to the cause of and heal though real psychotherapy. (Richmond, 2011)[/redact]
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[redact]My research showed a very constant approach to treatment of alcoholism[/redact] which is detoxification first then a periodsolid sobriety with group support [redact]to reduce the chance of relapse and only then should psychotherapy be attempted, this is because psychotherapies can be intense[/redact] and bring to the surface the very pain that the alcoholic was trying to escape. [redact]Although I did not find a definitive time period of solid sobriety it seems suggested to be about a year, yet each individual[/redact] is different. I also wanted to note a relatively rare condition known as pathological intoxication, whereby [redact]alcohol acts paradoxically in that it excites rather than sedates, people affected by this disorder exhibit marked aggressiveness with assaultive[/redact] and destructive behavior after drinking only a small amount of alcohol. [redact]The only treatment is absolute abstinence from alcohol. (West, 2011) In conclusion, mental disorders andalcoholism where theyare [/redact]co-occurring can be a challenge for professionals to diagnosis and treat, considering that nearly [redact]half of the affected are also suffering from the other disorder.[/redact]